Monday, May 19, 2008

The Tabernacle: One

Here's a little bit about the history and re-fit of "The Tabernacle."

Creating and Building the Tabernacle

Brigham Young turned to Henry Grow for help in transforming his vision for the Tabernacle into reality. A convert to the Church and a native of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Brother Grow was a skilled bridge builder with the skills necessary to take on such a task.

Plans were made, and in 1863 construction began.

Unable to acquire many common building materials, workers recycled materials and used local resources to build the Tabernacle. Lumber was harvested from local canyons; excess stone was taken from the Salt Lake Temple construction site; leftover military equipment and wood oxen shoes were transformed into nails and washers; glue was created by boiling animal skins; and plaster was created from local limestone and enhanced with animal hair for strength.

Considering the materials available at the time, the Tabernacle truly became a symbol of the pioneers’ faith and ingenuity.

Four years after construction began, conference was held in the Tabernacle. The Tabernacle was officially dedicated in October 1875 after the addition of the balcony.
Since its was first used for general conference in 1867, the Salt Lake Tabernacle has stood as a symbol of the pioneers’ faith and ingenuity. Now, nearly 140 years later, the Tabernacle still stands, and never before has it rested on such a firm foundation.

During the Saturday afternoon session held on March 31, President Gordon B. Hinckley rededicated the Salt Lake Tabernacle after two years of renovations.

New benches, made of oak, were installed and spaced farther apart to give visitors more leg room; the original staircases leading to the balcony from outside were relocated indoors to provide easier access for visitors and two new staircases were added inside; a new layer of gold leafing was applied to the visible pipes of the organ; the ceiling was repaired and repainted; new dressing rooms and music library for choir members were created; the rostrum can be removed to accommodate a secondary seating arrangement or a stage for performances; and all plumbing, mechanical, and electrical systems were replaced and brought up to code.

Although the Tabernacle received these noticeable upgrades and more, the most drastic and important changes in the Tabernacle are those the general public cannot see.

The foundation and walls of the Tabernacle were modified to improve structural strength in order to better withstand earthquakes.

All 44 piers that support the Tabernacle’s unique roof were reinforced with steel bars, which were inserted into the piers from top to bottom. The foundation of each pier was also reinforced with concrete. Steel boxes were used to connect trusses to piers, and long ceiling trusses were also attached to the piers, cinched tight with structured steel.


Anonymous said...

A most unusual engineering project.
Comes to prove that when Fernando Pessoa said "man dreams, God wants and the work grows" ("o homem sonha, Deus quer e a obra nasce") he was right!

Chris said...

Interesting story, Abby. I've seen the Tabernacle in St. George. It's quite different from this one.

Abby said...

Chris, it's true. The one in St. George is a very typical 4-wall gable roofed building. There are many Tabernacles around Utah that are similar to the one in St. George. I'm not sure, but I believe that this building is fairly unique, especially for it's age. The Acoustics inside are amazing, befitting the choir that calls it home: The Mormon Tabernacle Choir.

Abby said...

Q, I've never heard that Fernando Pessoa quote, I like it. Thanks for sharing it.

Sara said...

Having visited SLC and seen the Tabernacle in person, I was amazed at how it was constructed! A real tribute to the pioneers who built it.

claude said...

We visited the Salt Lake Tabernacle in 1996. I I have well understand some renovation have been made inside.